Thursday, February 4, 2016

Research Byte: The relations between CHC cognitive abilities and aspects of social support


Which aspects of social support are associated with which cognitive abilities for which people?

ArticleinThe Journals of Gerontology Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences · January 2016with12 Reads
Impact Factor: 3.21 · DOI: 10.1093/geronb/gbv119

Abstract

Objectives.
To assess the relations between 11 aspects of social support and five cognitive abilities (vocabulary, reasoning, spatial visualization, memory, and speed of processing) and to determine whether these relations between social support and cognition are moderated by age or sex.

Method.
A sample of 2,613 individuals between the ages of 18 and 99 years completed a battery of cognitive tests and a questionnaire assessing aspects of social support. A measure of general intelligence was computed using principal components analysis. Multiple regressions were used to evaluate whether each aspect of support and/or its interactions with age or sex predicted each cognitive ability and g.

Results.
Several aspects of social support were significantly related to all five cognitive abilities and to g. When g was included as a predictor, there were few relations with specific cognitive abilities. Age and sex did not moderate any of the relations.

Discussion.
These results suggest that contact with family and friends, emotional and informational support, anticipated support, and negative interactions are related to cognition, whereas satisfaction with and tangible support were not. In addition, these aspects of support were primarily related to g, with the exception of family contact. Social support– cognition relations are comparable across the life span and the sexes.

Saturday, January 30, 2016

Death Penalty Symposium at Washington & Lee



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Death Penalty Symposium at Washington & Lee
// CrimProf Blog

The annual Lara D. Gass Symposium at the Washington and Lee University School of Law will focus this year on the controversial case of Joseph M. Giarratano, using his story to explore the ethical, legal and public policy issues surrounding...
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PEBS Neuroethics Roundup (JHU) [feedly]



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PEBS Neuroethics Roundup (JHU)
// Neuroethics & Law Blog

Last Edition's Most Popular Article(s): Call for Proposals, Center for Cognition and Neuroethics In The Popular Press: How Meditation, Placebos and Virtual Reality Help Power 'Mind Over Body', NPR Digital Intuition, Nature Magazine Scientists Move Closer to Understanding Schizophrenia's Cause,...
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Monday, January 4, 2016

Atkins ID/MR death penalty court decision: Agee v Oregon (2015)



Cleaning out my folders and I discovered that I failed to post an Atkins decision made in December.  Agee v Oregon (2015) is now available via the link and in the court decision blog roll.

Sunday, December 20, 2015

Sharing It's getting bigger all the time: Estimating the Flynn effect from secular brain mass increases in Britain and Germany via BrowZine

It's getting bigger all the time: Estimating the Flynn effect from secular brain mass increases in Britain and Germany
Woodley of Menie, Michael A.; Peñaherrera, Mateo A.; Fernandes, Heitor B.F.; Becker, David; Flynn, James R.
Learning and Individual Differences, Vol. 45 – 2016: 95 - 100

10.1016/j.lindif.2015.11.004

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Wednesday, December 16, 2015

When Phrenology Was Used in Court



When Phrenology Was Used in Court

In the 1830s, phrenology was just beginning to garner the veneer of legitimacy.Image by Slate, illustration via Library of Congress In November 1834, a 9-year-old boy…

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Monday, December 14, 2015

RE: J Am Acad Psychiatry Law Table of Contents for December 2015; Vol. 43, No. 4

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Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Online
December 2015; Vol. 43, No. 4

EDITORIALS

American Psychiatry Should Join the Call to Abolish Solitary Confinement
Kenneth L. Appelbaum
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:406-415
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/406

Cleburne and the Pursuit of Equal Protection for Individuals With Mental Disorders
Steven K. Hoge
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:416-422
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/416


BIOGRAPHY

John Leonard Young, MD, MTh, CSC: Philosopher, Priest, and Forensic Psychiatrist
Ezra E. H. Griffith
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:423-427
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/423


Regular Articles

Application and Utility of Psychodynamic Principles in Forensic Assessment
Eugene F. Simopoulos and Bruce Cohen
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:428-437
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/428.abstract

Commentary: Coming Full Circle—Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamics, and Forensic Psychiatry
Angela M. Hegarty
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:438-443
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/438.abstract

Outpatient Psychiatrists' Practices for Requesting Prior Treatment Records
Patricia R. Recupero and Samara E. Harms
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:444-450
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/444.abstract

Commentary: Bringing Order to Chaos—How Psychiatrists Know the Standard of Care
Jamison E. Rogers, Chelsea L. Neumann, and Wade C. Myers
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:451-455
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/451.abstract

A Proposed Algorithm for the Pharmacotherapy of Impulsive Aggression
Alan R. Felthous and Matthew S. Stanford
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:456-467
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/456.abstract

Transporting Forensic Psychiatric Patients
Charles C. Dike, Elizabeth Nicholson, and John L. Young
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:468-475
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/468.abstract

Treatment of Depression in Voluntary Versus Mandated Physicians
R. Scott Johnson, J. Christopher Fowler, Kristi A. Sikes, Jon G. Allen, and John M. Oldham
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:476-482
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/476.abstract

Mental Illness and Mental Health Defenses: Perceptions of the Criminal Bar
Richard L. Frierson, Mary S. Boyd, and Angela Harper
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:483-491
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/483.abstract


Analysis and Commentary

Hoarding, Housing, and DSM-5
Kenneth J. Weiss and Aneela Khan
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:492-498
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/492.abstract

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Update: Forensic Neuropsychiatric Implications
Hal S. Wortzel and Robert P. Granacher, Jr
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:499-505
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/499.abstract


Reflections and Narratives

Forensic Examinees Asking Probing Questions
Stanley L. Brodsky and Rachel L. deLacy
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:506-509
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/506


Correction

Statement of Correction

J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:510
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/510


Legal Digest

Conflicting Expert Witness Testimony in Insanity Defense
Richard C. Geary III and Kari-Beth Law
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:511-512
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/511

Mental Health Concerns and Equitable Tolling
Hosain Manesh and Christopher Fields
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:512-514
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/512

Defendant's Claims of Inadequate Counsel in Death Penalty Case
Jonathan Dunlop and Craig Lemmen
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:514-516
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/514

Involuntary Treatment for Restoration of Trial Capacity and the Role of Trial Courts
Gomathie Chelvayohan and Craig Lemmen
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:516-518
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/516

Choosing Not to Pursue a Mental Health Defense in a Capital Case
Dorothy Gotlib and Thomas Fluent
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:518-520
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/518

Claims of Incompetency in Death Penalty Proceedings
Brianna Newhouse and Craig Lemmen
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:520-522
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/520

Analyzing Whether Mental Abnormality Negates a Culpable State of Mind at the Time of the Crime
Daniel T. Hackman and Phillip J. Resnick
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:522-524
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/522

Standard for the Disclosure of Mental Health Records When Damages Are Sought for Nonspecific Mental Disability and Mental Pain and Suffering
Nicole Graham and Sherif Soliman
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:524-526
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/524

Determining Intellectual Disability in a Post-Atkins Death Penalty Case
Cortney Kohberger and Stephen Noffsinger
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:526-529
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/526

Privileged Communication Between a Patient and Clinician
Shree Sarathy and Sara West
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:529-531
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/529

Prosecutorial Misconduct and Violation of the Brady Rule in a Case Involving Intellectual Disability
Sasha Rai and Richard P. Martinez
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:531-533
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/531

Defendant With an Intellectual Disability Appealed for a New Trial Based on the State's Withholding Evidence
Sarah Flynn and Richard Martinez
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:533-535
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/533

Sex Reassignment Surgery in a Correctional Setting
Christine Petrich and Richard Martinez
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:535-538
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/535


Books and Media

Stahl's Illustrated Violence: Neural Circuits, Genetics and Treatment
Angela M. Hegarty
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:539-540
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/539

Forensic Evaluation and Treatment of Juveniles: Innovation and Best Practice
Cheryl D. Wills
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:540-541
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/540

Serial Killers: The Psychosocial Development of Humanity's Worst Offenders
Jennifer Piel
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law 2015; 43:541-542
http://www.jaapl.org/content/43/4/541



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Thursday, December 10, 2015

Tuesday, December 8, 2015

Flynn effect methodological issues: Special issue of the Journal of Intelligence

Special Issue "Methodological Advances in Understanding the Flynn Effect

Access to this open access journal can be found here.
Quicklinks A special issue of Journal of Intelligence (ISSN 2079-3200).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2015)

Special Issue Editor

Special Issue Information

Submission
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. Papers will be published continuously (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are refereed through a peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Journal of Intelligence is an international peer-reviewed Open Access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. For the first couple of issues the Article Processing Charge (APC) will be waived for well-prepared manuscripts. English correction and/or formatting fees of 250 CHF (Swiss Francs) will be charged in certain cases for those articles accepted for publication that require extensive additional formatting and/or English corrections.

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Joseph Lee Rodgers
Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Peabody, 230 Appleton Place, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
Website: http://www.vanderbilt.edu/psychological_sciences/bio/joe-rodgers

Thursday, November 26, 2015

Article: Why IQ Fluctuates Over Your Lifespan

Check out this story on Flipboard!

Why IQ Fluctuates Over Your Lifespan

From The Huffington Post on Flipboard

In 1932, the entire population of Scottish 11-year-olds (87, 498 children) took an IQ test. Over 60 years later, psychologists Ian Deary and Lawrence…

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Thursday, November 12, 2015

Race- or demographically-adjusted IQ norms are inappropriate in Atkins ID death penalty cases: New law review article by Robert Sanger



Previously, I coauthored an IAP Psychometric Brief (#14) with Dr. Dale Watson on the inappropriate use of "demographically adjusted norms" (aka, the Heaton norms) to adjust IQ scores upward based on an individuals race.  I was pleased last week to see a law review article devoted to this practice--an article that also concludes that the use of "ethnic" or "race" or "demographically" adjusted norms are inconsistent with scientific and legal principles.

The excellent American University Law Review article (IQ, INTELLIGENCE TESTS, “ETHNIC ADJUSTMENTS” AND ATKINS) is by Robert Sanger (click here to view).


Monday, November 9, 2015

Sharing Exploratory bifactor analysis of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children—Fifth Edition with the 16 primary and secondary subtests via BrowZine

Exploratory bifactor analysis of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children—Fifth Edition with the 16 primary and secondary subtests
Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Canivez, Gary L.; Watkins, Marley W.; Alexander Beaujean, A.
Intelligence, Vol. 53 – 2015: 194 - 201

10.1016/j.intell.2015.10.009

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Sunday, November 8, 2015

Perlin on Insanity and Incompetency [feedly]



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Perlin on Insanity and Incompetency
// CrimProf Blog

Michael L. Perlin (New York Law School) has posted 'God Said to Abraham/Kill Me a Son': Why the Insanity Defense and the Incompetency Status are Compatible with and Required by the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and...
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Wednesday, November 4, 2015

Missouri man with mental disability will not be executed, fo...

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33 comments · 7 likes · 10 reflips
mashable.com · The United States Supreme Court halted the execution of Ernest Lee Johnson on Tuesday evening, just as Johnson was set to be killed by the state of Missour...
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Saturday, October 31, 2015

Sharing A reversal of the Flynn effect for spatial perception in German-speaking countries: Evidence from a cross-temporal IRT-based meta-analysis (1977–2014) via BrowZine

A reversal of the Flynn effect for spatial perception in German-speaking countries: Evidence from a cross-temporal IRT-based meta-analysis (1977–2014)
Pietschnig, Jakob; Gittler, Georg
Intelligence, Vol. 53 – 2015: 145 - 153

10.1016/j.intell.2015.10.004

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Thursday, October 15, 2015

Evolution of the WJ to WJ IV GIA and CHC clusters


Click on image to enlarge.

Long-time users of the various editions of the WJ cognitive battery (WJ, WJ-R, WJ III, WJ IV) know that the battery has continued to evolve over time.  Above  is a portion of a large table that summarizes the same and different tests included in the GIA (g-score) and broad CHC clusters across editions.  The complete table demonstrates that the WJ has not remained static, with each new edition evolving as per research and theory.  

The practical benefit of the complete table comes when examiners want to compare scores from  similarly named cluster scores across different editions of the WJ--different scores may be due, in part, to different mixtures of tests in  clusters across editions.  I hope this is helpful. 

The complete table can be downloaded here.  The table is adapted from a similar table in
Cormier, D., McGrew, K., Bulut, O., Funamoto, A. (2015).  Exploring the relationships between broad Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) cognitive abilities and reading achievement during the school-age years, Manuscript submitted for publication.

Wednesday, October 14, 2015

Sharing A Systematic Approach to Subgroup Classification in Intellectual Disability via BrowZine

A Systematic Approach to Subgroup Classification in Intellectual Disability
Schalock, Robert L.; Luckasson, Ruth
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Vol. 53 Issue 5 – 2015: 358 - 366

10.1352/1934-9556-53.5.358

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Thursday, September 24, 2015

WISC-V expanded index scores: Verbal Expanded Crystallized (Gc) and Expanded Fluid (Gf) index scores and tables


Click on image to enlarge for easier reading
 
Somehow I seemed to have missed this development on my research literature monitoring radar.  More comments and a link to the technical report can be found at Joel Schneider's excellent blog.

Online course in Mental Disability Law and Criminal Law begins Oct 4th



Online Course in Mental Disability Law and Criminal Law | Begins October 4th

Michael Perlin and Heather Cucolo will be presenting a 10-week online course in Mental Disability Law and Criminal Law, beginning October 4th. This course consists of 10 weekly LIVE webinars, to take place from 6:00-7:30pm (EST). These webinars will be recorded for anyone who cannot attend live. In addition to the webinars, participants will review and discuss cases from Michael Perlin's casebook on Mental Disability Law. 
 
Don't miss this great opportunity to learn from the best!
 
 
NY State CLEs are pending for this course. 
 
I'm happy to answer any questions about this course.
 
 
 
 
 
Patricia Zapf, PhD
Director of Education & Training, CONCEPT
Professor, John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Past President, American Psychology-Law Society

https://ao208.infusionsoft.com/app/emailOpened/729057/3725

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Sharing Neurolaw via BrowZine

Neurolaw
Belcher, Annabelle; Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter
Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, Vol. 1 Issue 1 – 2010: 18 - 22

10.1002/wcs.8

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Wednesday, September 16, 2015

ID is a "condition"...not a number. Ethics of IQ cut-off scores for ID Dx

Click on image to enlarge abstract.  Very thought provoking article (click to view) by Greenspan, Harris and Woods on the use of IQ cutoff scores to define ID.


Sharing Information Integration Theory, Juror Bias, and Sentence Recommendations Captured Over Time in a Capital Trial via BrowZine

Information Integration Theory, Juror Bias, and Sentence Recommendations Captured Over Time in a Capital Trial
Estrada-Reynolds, Victoria C.; Gray, Jennifer M.; Nuñez, Narina
Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 29 Issue 5 – 2015: 713 - 722

10.1002/acp.3155

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Monday, September 14, 2015

Sharing Interindividual differences in general cognitive ability from age 18 to age 65years are extremely stable and strongly associated with working memory capacity via BrowZine

Interindividual differences in general cognitive ability from age 18 to age 65years are extremely stable and strongly associated with working memory capacity
Rönnlund, Michael; Sundström, Anna; Nilsson, Lars-Göran
Intelligence, Vol. 53 – 2015: 59 - 64

10.1016/j.intell.2015.08.011

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Monday, August 24, 2015

Sharing Adversarial Allegiance among Expert Witnesses via BrowZine

Adversarial Allegiance among Expert Witnesses
Murrie, Daniel C.; Boccaccini, Marcus T.
Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 11 Issue 1 – 2015: 150820161707009

10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-120814-121714

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Tuesday, August 18, 2015

AAIDD/ARC SCOTUS 2015 amicus brief regarding Texas adaptive behavior issues (Briseno factors)



An amicus brief (click to access) has been filed with SCOTUS by AAIDD and ARC regarding a petition for writ of certiorari for a case in Texas (Lizcano).  Briefly, the amicus brief points out the problems with the Texas Briseno factors (click here for all prior Briseno related posts) in the evaluation of prong 2 of the Dx of ID (adaptive behavior).  The problems at issue address the most basic principles of scientific reliability and validity in the evaluation of the adaptive behavior prong of the ID definition

Tuesday, August 11, 2015

Law Review Article: Dr. James Ellis on Hall v Florida (SCOTUS, 2014)--ID is a condition-not a number





Dr. James Ellis has presented a nice summary of the major change in the determination of ID in Atkins cases as a result of the Hall v Florida 2014 SCOTUS decision.  The main point is summarized by the statement that ID is a "condition" and "not a number."  Scientific and professional evidence and clinical judgement must be involved in the determination--no longer can "bright line" IQ cut-off scores be used in isolation.  Click here to read the article.